Flores Island is one of Island on East Nusa Tenggara province. It stretches between the east longitudes of 118° and 125°, and between the latitudes of 8° and 11° south. The east Nusa Tenggara covers the area of 49,880 sq km and it has a population of 3,500,000. Flores becomes one of the biggest Island on the territory of East Nusa Tenggara or NTT which comprises 566 islands, including many smaller Islands which are not inhabited and unnamed. The three main islands are Flores, Sumba and Timor from which comes the term ‘Flobamor’, which has been familiar as one of the names of NTT.
Flores is the volcanic island and has unique and spectacular attractions. Mount Kelimutu has become a favorite Kelimutu Flores adventure tour destination, with its three crater lakes of different color. The overseas and domestic tour and travel organizers commonly propose Kelimutu Flores trip 3 days 2 nights through Maumere or Ende. The visitors will see Sikka traditional weaving village in Maumere on the way back from trekking mount Kelimutu three colors lake. While in Ende they will visit Museum Soekarno, the exile house of first President of Republic of Indonesia as the tourism icon of Ende. The travelers who love adventurous exploration trip, they will discover the wonder of NTT province especially Flores Island when they join a combination tour package of both Komodo and Flores Island on an overland tour visiting Komodo Island, Labuhan Bajo, Ruteng, Bajawa, Ende, Moni, and finished in Maumere. Sumba is the island famous for its arts, handicrafts, particularly the textile weaving, and cultural assets. Timor, being the principal island with Kupang as its capital, serves as the centre of government and economic activities.
The other permanently inhabited Islands are Lembata, Adonara, Solor, Palue, Nules, Komodo, Rinca, Sumba, Sabu, Raijua, Rote, Semau, Alor and Pantar.
Roughly 57 percent of the territory is hilly with mountains rising to 2427m (mount Mutis) in Timor and 1792m (mount Kelimutu) in Flores. The mountains of East Nusa Tenggara are not as high as in West Nusa Tenggara where the highest mountain is mount Rinjani in Lombok (3726m).
Geologically, East Nusa Tenggara can be regarded as being divided into two zones: a volcanic inner curve formed by the islands of Rinca, Komodo, Flores, Alor, Pantar, Adonara, Lembata and Solor, which have fertile soils; and an outer curve of limestone and other rock formations, made up up of Sumba, Sabu, Rote, Semau and Timor.